Parque da Cidade (Oporto) em actualização

The Parque da Cidade (City Park) is the city’s biggest (and most recent) green area and the biggest urban park in the country with 83 ha. It’s location by the ocean makes it perfect for surfers, morning joggers and weekend picnic fans. It’s the only public park in the country that is connected to the sea, and it’s beach is mostly packed on weekends with surfers.

O Parque da Cidade é o maior parque urbano do país, com uma superfície de 83 hectares de áreas verdes naturalizadas que se estendem até ao Oceano Atlântico, conferindo-lhe este facto, uma particularidade rara a nível mundial. É um local privilegiado para os adeptos do jogging, para fazer um pic-nic ou simplesmente para passear.

One of the 4 lakes in the park

Mute Swan (Cisne-mudo)

Scientific name: Cignus Olor

Parque da Cidade (Oporto – Portugal)

Cisne-mudo – Parque da Cidade

The Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) is a species of swan, and thus a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae. It is native to much of Europe and Asia, and (as a rare winter visitor) the far north of Africa. It is also an introduced species in North America, Australasia and southern Africa. The name ‘mute’ derives from it being less vocal than other swan species.Measuring 125 to 170 centimetres in length, this large swan is wholly white in plumage with an orange bill bordered with black. It is recognisable by its pronounced knob atop the bill

Iberian Wall Lizard (lagartixa-ibérica)

Scientific name: Podarcis hispanica

Parque da Cidade (Oporto – Portugal)

Lagartixa ibérica – Parque da Cidade

The Iberian Wall Lizard (Podarcis hispanica) is a small wall lizard species of the genus Podarcis averaging 50–70 mm adult snout-vent length (SVL). It is found in the Iberian peninsula, in northwestern Africa and in coastal districts in Languedoc-Roussillon in France.

In Spanish, they are commonly called lagartija and sargantana.

Mandarin Duck (Pato-mandarim)

Scientific name: Aix galericulata

Parque da Cidade (Oporto – Portugal)

Pato-mandarim  – Parque da Cidade

The Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), or just Mandarin, is a medium-sized perching duck, closely related to the North American Wood Duck. It is 41–49 cm long with a 65–75 cm wingspan.

The adult male is a striking and unmistakable bird. It has a red bill, large white crescent above the eye and reddish face and “whiskers”. The breast is purple with two vertical white bars, and the flanks ruddy, with two orange “sails” at the back. The female is similar to female Wood Duck, with a white eye-ring and stripe running back from the eye, but is paler below, has a small white flank stripe, and a pale tip to its bill.

Unlike other species of ducks, most Mandarin drakes reunite with the hens they mated with along with their offsprings after the eggs have hatched and even share scout duties in watching the ducklings closely. However, even with both parents securing the ducklings, most of them do not survive to adulthood.

The species was once widespread in eastern Asia, but large-scale exports and the destruction of its forest habitat have reduced populations in eastern Russia and in China to below 1,000 pairs in each country; Japan, however, is thought to still hold some 5,000 pairs

European Robin (Pisco-de-peito-ruivo)

Scientific name: Erithacus rubecula

Parque da Cidade (Oporto – Portugal)

Pisco-de-peito-ruivo  – Parque da Cidade

The European Robin (Erithacus rubecula), most commonly known in Anglophone Europe simply as the Robin, is a small insectivorous passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family (Turdidae), but is now considered to be an Old World flycatcher (Muscicapidae). Around 12.5–14.0 cm (5.0–5.5 in) in length, the male and female are similar in colouration, with an orange breast and face lined with grey, brown upperparts and a whitish belly. It is found across Europe, east to Western Siberia and south to North Africa; it is sedentary in most of its range except the far north.

The term Robin is also applied to some birds in other families with red or orange breasts. These include the American Robin (Turdus migratorius), which is a thrush, and the Australian red robins of the genus Petroica, members of a family whose relationships are unclear.

O pisco-de-peito-ruivo (Erithacus rubecula) é uma pequena ave que se conhece bem pela mancha alaranjada que lhe ornamenta o peito. É uma ave de canto melodioso e persistente.

É uma ave pequena, com cerca de 14 cm. Os adultos apresentam o peito e a testa de cor laranja ferrugínea muito característica. Os juvenis são castanhos com pintas abundantes castanho amarelado e mudam para a plumagem de adulto ao fim de um ano. A alimentação é feita à base de: Insectos, aranhas, minhocas e caracóis. No Outono e Inverno, bagas e outros frutos moles, tais como, passas, flocos de aveia e outros.

Wild Duck (pato-real)

Scientific name: Anas platyrhynchos

Parque da Cidade (Oporto – Portugal)

Pato-real – Parque da Cidade

The Mallard, or Wild duck (Anas platyrhynchos), probably the best-known and most recognizable of all ducks, is a dabbling duck which breeds throughout the temperate and sub-tropical America, Europe, Asia, New Zealand (where it is currently the most common duck species), and Australia.

The male birds have a bright green head, while the female’s is light brown. The mallard lives in wetlands, eats water plants, and is gregarious. It is also migratory. The mallard is the ancestor of all domestic ducks, and can interbreed with other species of genus Anas.This interbreeding is causing rarer species of ducks to become genetically diluted.

O pato-real (Anas platyrhynchos) é uma ave anseriforme que habita áreas temperadas e sub-tropicais das Américas, Europa e Ásia. A espécie tem forte dimorfismo sexual, tendo os machos uma cabeça de cor verde muito característica. É o antecessor da maioria dos patos domesticados actuais.

Egyptian Goose (ganso-do-Egipto)

Scientific name: Alopochen aegyptiacus

Parque da Cidade (Oporto – Portugal)

Ganso do Egipto – Parque da Cidade

The Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae. It is in the shelduck subfamily Tadorninae, and is the only extant member of the genus Alopochen. mtDNA cytochrome b sequence data suggest that the relationships of Alopochen to Tadorna need further investigation (Sraml et al. 1996).

O ganso-do-egipto (Alopochen aegyptiacus) é uma ave anseriformes do grupo dos gansos. É também conhecido por ganso-do-nilo, ganso-raposo e em Angola por balandira. A sua área de distribuição inclui Europa e África. É especialmente comum a sul do Saara e vale do Nilo.

Grey Heron (Garça-real)

Grey Heron resting and flying in Oporto City Park.

Scientific name: Ardea cinerea

Parque da Cidade (Oporto – Portugal)

Garça-real – Parque da Cidade

The Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea), is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae, native throughout temperate Europe and Asia and also parts of Africa. It is resident in the milder south and west, but many birds retreat in winter from the ice in colder regions. It has become common in summer even inside the Arctic circle along the Norwegian coast.

A garça-real-europeia (no Brasil) (Ardea cinerea) é uma garça da Europa cuja aparência é a de uma ave com dorso cinza e faixa superciliar negra que se estende até as longas penas nucais. Também é conhecida pelos nomes de galangundo (em Angola), garça-real ou garça-cinzenta (em Portugal).

Da mesma família das cegonhas, é a garça mais abundante e difundida da Europa. Possui um comprimento de cerca de 95 cm, uma envergadura de 185 cm e peso de 1,6 a 2 kg. Pode viver cerca de 25 anos. Apresenta pernas altas, pescoço longo e bico longo e afilado. Os juvenis apresentam cores mais claras, dorso cinzento acastanhado e ventre branco raiado de negro. Não possuem penacho. Atingem a maturidade aos dois anos de idade.