Great White Pelican (pelicano-branco)

Scientific name: Pelecanus onocrotalus

St James’s Park (London).

Pelicano – St James’s Park (Londres).

The Great White Pelican, Pelecanus onocrotalus also known as the Eastern White Pelican or White Pelican is a bird in the pelican family. It breeds from southeastern Europe through Asia and in Africa in swamps and shallow lakes.

Great White Pelicans are large birds with mass of 10 kg (22 lbs), 160 cm (63 in) long and with a 280 cm (110 inch) wingspan. It differs from the Dalmatian Pelican, the only larger species of pelican, by its pure white, rather than greyish-white, plumage, a bare pink facial patch around the eye and pinkish legs. Males are larger than females, and have a long beak that grows in a downwards arc, as opposed to the shorter, straighter beak of the female. Immature birds are grey and have dark flight feathers. In flight, it is an elegant soaring bird, with the head held close to and aligned with the body by a downward bend in the neck. In breeding condition the male has pinkish skin on is face and the female has orangery skin.

O pelicano-branco ou pelicano-comum (Pelecanus onocrotalus) é uma espécie de pelicano distribuida pelo sudeste da Europa e Ásia. A sua plumagem é característicamente branca. Uma das maiores colónias da espécie é o delta do Rio Danúbio. Mede cerca de 1,6 metros de comprimento e atinge 2,8 metros de envergadura.

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Crow (corvo)

Scientific name: Corvus corax

St James’s Park (London).

Corvo – St James’s Park (Londres).

The true crows are large passerine birds that form the genus Corvus in the family Corvidae. Ranging in size from the relatively small pigeon-sized jackdaws (Eurasian and Daurian) to the Common Raven of the Holarctic region and Thick-billed Raven of the highlands of Ethiopia, the 40 or so members of this genus occur on all temperate continents (except South America) and several offshore and oceanic islands (including Hawaii).

In the United States and Canada, the word “crow” is used to refer to the American Crow. The crow is a year round species. The crow genus makes up a third of the species in the Corvidae family. Other corvids include rooks and jays. Crows appear to have evolved in Asia from the corvid stock, which had evolved in Australia. A group of crows is called a “murder”.

O corvo é uma ave da família Corvidae, representantes de maiores dimensões da Ordem passeriformes. Possuem ampla distribuição geográfica nas zonas temperadas de todos os continentes, vivendo em bandos com estrutura hierárquica bem definida e formam, geralmente, casais monogâmicos. Sua alimentação é omnívora e inclui pequenos invertebrados, sementes e frutos; podem ser também necrófagos. Tais aves surgiram na Ásia, mas todos os continentes temperados e várias ilhas (como o Havaí) tem representantes de 40 ou mais membros do genêro. Na mitologia, os corvos são vistos geralmente como portadores de maus presságios, devido à sua plumagem negra e hábitos necrófagos.

Black Swan (Cisne-negro)

Scientific name: Cignus atratus

St James’s Park.

Cisne preto – St James’s Park (Londres).

Swans, genus Cygnus, are birds of the family Anatidae, which also includes geese and ducks. Swans are grouped with the closely related geese in the subfamily Anserinae where they form the tribe Cygnini. Sometimes, they are considered a distinct subfamily, Cygninae. There are six to seven species of swan in the genus Cygnus; in addition there is another species known as a swan, the Coscoroba Swan, although this species is no longer considered related to the true swans

O Cisne-negro (Cygnus atratus) é uma ave aquática australiana, pertencente à família Anatidae, a mesma família dos patos, gansos, e demais cisnes. É a ave oficial do estado da Austrália Ocidental. Podem-se encontrar em todos os estados da Austrália. O animal adulto pode pesar até 9 kg. Ao contrário de muitas outras aves aquáticas, os cisnes negros não têm hábitos migratórios. Passam a sua vida no local onde nasceram.