Griffon Vulture (grifo)

Scientific name: Gyps fulvus

Monfrague National Park (Spain)

Grifo – Parque Nacional de Monfrague (Espanha)

The Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) is a large Old World vulture in the bird of prey family Accipitridae.

The Griffon Vulture is 93–110 cm (37–43 in) long with a 230–280 cm (91–111 in) wingspan; it weighs between 6 and 13 kg (13.2 and 29 lb). Hatched naked, it is a typical Old World vulture in appearance, with a very white bald head, very broad wings and short tail feathers. It has a white neck ruff and yellow bill. The buff body and wing coverts contrast with the dark flight feathers.

Like other vultures, it is a scavenger, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals which it finds by soaring over open areas, often moving in flocks. It grunts and hisses at roosts or when feeding on carrion.

Little is known about the average life-span of these birds. It is approximated at 50 to 70 years in the wild, but the oldest death recorded in captivity is 118 years old.[2]

It breeds on crags in mountains in southern Europe, north Africa, and Asia, laying one egg. Griffon Vultures may form loose colonies. The population is mostly resident.

Lesser Flamingo (flamingo-pequeno)

Scientific name: Phoenicopterus minor

Gaia Biological Park (Portugal)

Flamingo-pequeno – Parque Biológico de Gaia

The Lesser Flamingo (Phoenicopterus minor) is a species in the flamingo family of birds that resides in Africa (principally in the Great Rift Valley) and in southern Asia. Birds are occasionally reported from further north, but these are generally considered to be escapees.

O flamingo-pequeno (Phoeniconaias minor) é uma ave da família Phoenicopteridae. É um pouco menor que o flamingo-comum, distinguindo-se pelas tonalidades mais intensas da plumagem e pelo bico escuro. Este flamingo distribui-se pela África tropical, sendo muito raro na Europa. Existem algumas observações em Portugal, mas não se sabe se as aves em causa eram genuinamente selvagens.

Mandarin Duck (Pato-mandarim)

Scientific name: Aix galericulata

Parque da Cidade (Oporto – Portugal)

Pato-mandarim  – Parque da Cidade

The Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), or just Mandarin, is a medium-sized perching duck, closely related to the North American Wood Duck. It is 41–49 cm long with a 65–75 cm wingspan.

The adult male is a striking and unmistakable bird. It has a red bill, large white crescent above the eye and reddish face and “whiskers”. The breast is purple with two vertical white bars, and the flanks ruddy, with two orange “sails” at the back. The female is similar to female Wood Duck, with a white eye-ring and stripe running back from the eye, but is paler below, has a small white flank stripe, and a pale tip to its bill.

Unlike other species of ducks, most Mandarin drakes reunite with the hens they mated with along with their offsprings after the eggs have hatched and even share scout duties in watching the ducklings closely. However, even with both parents securing the ducklings, most of them do not survive to adulthood.

The species was once widespread in eastern Asia, but large-scale exports and the destruction of its forest habitat have reduced populations in eastern Russia and in China to below 1,000 pairs in each country; Japan, however, is thought to still hold some 5,000 pairs

Yellow-bellied slider turtle (tartaruga-de-orelha-amarela)

Scientific name: Trachemis scripta scripta

Parque da Cidade (Oporto – Portugal)

Tartaruga – Parque da Cidade

The yellow-bellied slider (Trachemys scripta scripta) is a land and water turtle belonging to the family Emydidae. This subspecies of Trachemys scripta is native to the southeastern United States, specifically from Florida to southeastern Virginia, and is the most common turtle species in its range. It is found in a wide variety of habitats, including slow-moving rivers, floodplain swamps, marshes, seasonal wetlands, and permanent ponds. Yellow-bellied sliders are popular as pets.

 A Tartaruga de orelhas amarelas ou Trachemys scripta scripta habita as regiões da Virginia, Carolina do Norte, Florida, Carolina do Sul e Georgia, apresentando a carapaça de coloração negra, com listras marrons verticais.

O plastrão é amarelo, sem mancha ou apresentando poucas de cor bem escura. A cabeça é bem escura apresentando manchas de cor amarela e ela atinge menor porte que as orelhas vermelhas, cerca de 25 centímetros de comprimento de carapaça. Essa subespécie possuí a carapaça e a cabeça mais parecidas com as Tigres dágua brasileiras, porém o plastrão torna fácil essa diferenciação.

Parque da Cidade (Guimarães)

Surprisingly for many Guimaraes City Park (Parque da Cidade) is one of the best places in the north-west of Portugal to watch animals and wildlife. The park is very close from the city centre and has about 30 hectares. Has many green areas, a lot of trees and an artificial lake in the middle of the park.

O Parque da Cidade Guimarães é um melhores dos locais do norte litoral de Portugal para se observar vida animal. O parque fica bastante próximo do centro da cidade e tem aproximadamente 30 hectares, o equivalente a outros tantos campos de futebol. Tem muitas árvores, muitas zonas verdes e ainda um lago artificial.

Artificial lake

Guimaraes City Park

(Parque da Cidade de Guimarães)

Location: Guimarães (Portugal)


Mammals – Rabbit, Squirrel, Hedgehog, Mole, Harvest mouse, etc.

Birds – Hoopoe, Meadow pipit, White wagtail, Common Stonechat, Robin, Black Redstart, Wood pigeon, Jay, Green woodpecker, Great spotted woodpecker, Nightingale, Siskin, Gray flycatcher, Little owl, Common barn owl, etc.

Reptiles – Salamander, Ocellated lizard, Small lizard, Montpellier snake, Grass snake, etc.

Amphibians – Frog, Toad, etc.

Mamíferos: Coelho, Esquilo, Ouriço, Toupeira, Rato, etc.

Aves: Poupa, Petinha-dos-prados, Alvéola-branca, Cartaxo-comum, Pisco-de-peito-ruivo, Rabirruivo, Pomba-torcaz, Gaio, Pica-pau, Rouxinol-comum, Pintassilgo-verde, Papa-moscas, Coruja, etc.

Répteis – Salamandra, Sardão, Lagartixa, Cobra-rateira, Cobra-de-água, etc.

Anfíbios – Rá, Sapo, etc.

Richmond Park (London)

Richmond Park is the largest Royal Park in London covering an area of 2,500 acres. From its heights there is an uninterrupted view of St Paul’s Cathedral, 12 miles away.

The Park has changed little over the centuries and, although it is surrounded by human habitation, the varied landscape of hills, woodland gardens and grasslands set among ancient trees abounds in wildlife.

O “Richmond Park” é o maior parque de Londres e o maior parque urbano do mundo. Tendo uma área total de 10 km2. Comparativamente é 4 vezes maior que o Hyde Park também na cidade de Londres e aproximadamente 3 vezes maior que o Central Park de Nova Iorque. A partir do parque tem-se uma vista da Catedral de São Paulo (St Paul’s Cathedral) que se encontra a 20km de distância.

O parque pouco tem mudado ao longo dos séculos e embora esteja rodeado por zonas habitacionais, mantém as suas colinas, bosques e jardins, tal como o a sua vida selvagem animal.

Richmond Park has been designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest and a National Nature Reserve. The royal connections to this park probably go back further than any of the others, beginning with Edward (1272-1307), when the area was known as the Manor of Sheen. The name was changed to Richmond during Henry VII’s reign.

O Richmond Park foi designado como um Local de Especial Interesse Científico assim como Reserva Natural Nacional. As ligações reais ao parque são mais antigas que as de qualquer outro começando no reinado de Eduardo (Edward) entre 1272 e 1307, quando era conhecido como “Manor of Sheen”. Mais tarde durante o reinado de Henrique VII (Henry VII) o nome foi alterado para “Richmond Park” tal como é hoje conhecido.

Richmond Park

Location: London (UK)


Mammals – Red deer, Fallow deer, Fox, Rabbit, Shrew, Mice, Vole, etc.

Birds – Woodpecker, Kestrel, Owl,  Ring-necked parakeet, Skylark, Reed bunting, Stonechat and Meadow pipit, etc. (144 species recorded).

Invertebrates -139 spider species, 546 butterfly and moth species and over 1350 beetle species including one specialist that lives on deer dung. At least 150 species of solitary bees and wasps are also to be found in the Park.

Mamíferos – Veado-vermelho, Cervo, Raposa, Coelho, Musaranho, Rato, Toupeira, etc.

Aves – Pica-pau, Falcão, Coruja, Periquito de colar, Cotovia, Escrevedeira-dos-caniços, Cartaxo-comum, Petinha-dos-prados, etc. (144 espécies registadas).

Invertebrados -139 espécies de aranhas, 546 espécies de borboletas, 1350 espécies de escaravelhos e 150 espécies de abelhas e vespas.

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Green Iguana (Iguana-verde)

Scientific name: Iguana iguana

Gaia Biological Park (Portugal)

Iguana – Parque Biológico de Gaia

Iguana is a genus of lizard native to tropical areas of Central and South America and the Caribbean. The genus was first described by Austrian naturalist Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in his book Specimen Medicum, Exhibens Synopsin Reptilium Emendatam cum Experimentis circa Venena in 1768. The genus Iguana includes two species: the Green Iguana, which is widespread throughout its range and a popular pet, and the Lesser Antillean Iguana, which is endemic to the Lesser Antilles and endangered due to habitat destruction.

The word “Iguana” is derived from a Spanish form of the original Taino name for the species “Iwana”.

A Iguana-verde ou iguana-comum (Iguana iguana) é uma espécie de lagarto arborícola e herbívoro do género Iguana, nativa da América Central e do Sul. Um iguana-verde adulto pode medir 180 cm de comprimento e pesar 9 kg. O iguana-verde adulto é herbívoro, mas o filhote se alimenta de invertebrados.

O ovo do iguana-verde leva entre 10 e 15 semanas para chocar.

Crow (corvo)

Scientific name: Corvus corax

St James’s Park (London).

Corvo – St James’s Park (Londres).

The true crows are large passerine birds that form the genus Corvus in the family Corvidae. Ranging in size from the relatively small pigeon-sized jackdaws (Eurasian and Daurian) to the Common Raven of the Holarctic region and Thick-billed Raven of the highlands of Ethiopia, the 40 or so members of this genus occur on all temperate continents (except South America) and several offshore and oceanic islands (including Hawaii).

In the United States and Canada, the word “crow” is used to refer to the American Crow. The crow is a year round species. The crow genus makes up a third of the species in the Corvidae family. Other corvids include rooks and jays. Crows appear to have evolved in Asia from the corvid stock, which had evolved in Australia. A group of crows is called a “murder”.

O corvo é uma ave da família Corvidae, representantes de maiores dimensões da Ordem passeriformes. Possuem ampla distribuição geográfica nas zonas temperadas de todos os continentes, vivendo em bandos com estrutura hierárquica bem definida e formam, geralmente, casais monogâmicos. Sua alimentação é omnívora e inclui pequenos invertebrados, sementes e frutos; podem ser também necrófagos. Tais aves surgiram na Ásia, mas todos os continentes temperados e várias ilhas (como o Havaí) tem representantes de 40 ou mais membros do genêro. Na mitologia, os corvos são vistos geralmente como portadores de maus presságios, devido à sua plumagem negra e hábitos necrófagos.