Hoverfly (Mosca-das-flores) 3

Scientific name: Meliscaeva auricollis

Parque da Cidade (Guimarães – Portugal)

“Mosca das flores” – Parque da Cidade

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Hoverfly (Mosca-das-flores)

From another angle

Scientific name: Episyrphus balteatus

Parque da Cidade (Guimarães – Portugal)

“Mosca das flores” – Parque da Cidade

Hoverflies, sometimes called flower flies or syrphid flies, make up the insect family Syrphidae. As their common name suggests, they are often seen hovering or nectaring at flowers; the adults of many species feed mainly on nectar and pollen, while the larvae (maggots) eat a wide range of foods. In some species, the larvae are saprotrophs, eating decaying plant and animal matter in the soil or in ponds and streams. In other species, the larvae are insectivores and prey on aphids, thrips, and other plant-sucking insects.

Aphids alone cause tens of millions of dollars of damage to crops worldwide every year; because of this, aphid-feeding hoverflies are being recognized as important natural enemies of pests, and potential agents for use in biological control. Some adult syrphid flies are important pollinators.

About 6,000 species in 200 genera have been described. Hoverflies are common throughout the world and can be found on every continent except Antarctica. Hoverflies are harmless to most other animals despite their mimicry of the black and yellow stripes of wasps, which serves to ward off predators.

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Sirfídeos (da família Syrphidae), também conhecidos como moscas-das-flores constituem uma família de moscas (ordem Diptera) que, tal como o nome sugere, são encontradas, geralmente, junto a flores, onde estes insectos, na sua forma adulta, se alimentam de néctar e de pólen.

As larvas têm vários tipos de alimentação, consoante à espécie: algumas são saprófitas, alimentando-se de plantas e animais em decomposição, ou em locais alagadiços; outras são insectívoras, tomando como presas afídios, tripes e outros insectos que parasitam e sugam a seiva das plantas. Por esta razão, os sirfídeos são reconhecidos como um importante meio ecológico de controlo de pragas na agricultura.

Grass Snake (cobra-de-água)

Snake (first shot)

Scientific name: Natrix natrix

Parque da Cidade (Guimarães – Portugal)

Cobra-de-água – Parque da Cidade

The Grass Snake (Natrix natrix), sometimes called the Ringed Snake or Water Snake is a European non-venomous snake. It is often found near water and feeds almost exclusively on amphibians.

A cobra-de-água-de-colar (Natrix natrix) é uma cobra-de-água presente em quase toda a Europa, parte da Ásia e Norte de África.

Parque da Cidade (Guimarães)

Surprisingly for many Guimaraes City Park (Parque da Cidade) is one of the best places in the north-west of Portugal to watch animals and wildlife. The park is very close from the city centre and has about 30 hectares. Has many green areas, a lot of trees and an artificial lake in the middle of the park.

O Parque da Cidade Guimarães é um melhores dos locais do norte litoral de Portugal para se observar vida animal. O parque fica bastante próximo do centro da cidade e tem aproximadamente 30 hectares, o equivalente a outros tantos campos de futebol. Tem muitas árvores, muitas zonas verdes e ainda um lago artificial.

Artificial lake

Guimaraes City Park

(Parque da Cidade de Guimarães)

Location: Guimarães (Portugal)


Mammals – Rabbit, Squirrel, Hedgehog, Mole, Harvest mouse, etc.

Birds – Hoopoe, Meadow pipit, White wagtail, Common Stonechat, Robin, Black Redstart, Wood pigeon, Jay, Green woodpecker, Great spotted woodpecker, Nightingale, Siskin, Gray flycatcher, Little owl, Common barn owl, etc.

Reptiles – Salamander, Ocellated lizard, Small lizard, Montpellier snake, Grass snake, etc.

Amphibians – Frog, Toad, etc.

Mamíferos: Coelho, Esquilo, Ouriço, Toupeira, Rato, etc.

Aves: Poupa, Petinha-dos-prados, Alvéola-branca, Cartaxo-comum, Pisco-de-peito-ruivo, Rabirruivo, Pomba-torcaz, Gaio, Pica-pau, Rouxinol-comum, Pintassilgo-verde, Papa-moscas, Coruja, etc.

Répteis – Salamandra, Sardão, Lagartixa, Cobra-rateira, Cobra-de-água, etc.

Anfíbios – Rá, Sapo, etc.

Perez’s Frog (rá-verde)

Scientific name: Rana perezi

Parque da Cidade (Guimarães – Portugal)

Rá-verde – Parque da Cidade

Frogs are amphibians in the order Anura (meaning “tail-less”, from Greek an-, without + oura, tail), formerly referred to as Salientia (Latin salere (salio), “to jump”).

Most frogs are characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits (fingers or toes), protruding eyes and the absence of a tail. Frogs are widely known as exceptional jumpers, and many of the anatomical characteristics of frogs, particularly their long, powerful legs, are adaptations to improve jumping performance. Due to their permeable skin, frogs are often semi-aquatic or inhabit humid areas, but move easily on land. They typically lay their eggs in puddles, ponds or lakes, and their larvae, called tadpoles, have gills and develop in water.

Perez’s Frog (Pelophylax perezi or Rana perezi) is a species of frog in the Ranidae family. It is found in southern France, Portugal, Spain, and two sites in the United Kingdom; in Spain it is very abundant, as evidenced by its Spanish name rana común (“common frog”).

Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rivers, intermittent rivers, swamps, freshwater lakes, intermittent freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marches, sandy shores, arable land, and urban areas. It is not considered threatened by the IUCN.

A rã-verde (Rana perezi ou Pelophylax perezi [1]) é uma espécie de pertencente à família Ranidae. Distribui-se pela Europa Ocidental, em especial Portugal, Espanha, França e Reino Unido.

Tem como habitat natural as florestas e matagais temperados, o matagal arbustivo mediterrânico, rios e ribeiros, cursos de água temporários, pântanos, lagos permanentes ou temporários de água doce, pauis permanentes e temporários, margens arenosas, terrenos de cultivo e áreas urbanas.

Em alguns locais encontra-se ameaçada devido à perda de habitat.