Great White Pelican (pelicano-branco)

Scientific name: Pelecanus onocrotalus

St James’s Park (London).

Pelicano – St James’s Park (Londres).

The Great White Pelican, Pelecanus onocrotalus also known as the Eastern White Pelican or White Pelican is a bird in the pelican family. It breeds from southeastern Europe through Asia and in Africa in swamps and shallow lakes.

Great White Pelicans are large birds with mass of 10 kg (22 lbs), 160 cm (63 in) long and with a 280 cm (110 inch) wingspan. It differs from the Dalmatian Pelican, the only larger species of pelican, by its pure white, rather than greyish-white, plumage, a bare pink facial patch around the eye and pinkish legs. Males are larger than females, and have a long beak that grows in a downwards arc, as opposed to the shorter, straighter beak of the female. Immature birds are grey and have dark flight feathers. In flight, it is an elegant soaring bird, with the head held close to and aligned with the body by a downward bend in the neck. In breeding condition the male has pinkish skin on is face and the female has orangery skin.

O pelicano-branco ou pelicano-comum (Pelecanus onocrotalus) é uma espécie de pelicano distribuida pelo sudeste da Europa e Ásia. A sua plumagem é característicamente branca. Uma das maiores colónias da espécie é o delta do Rio Danúbio. Mede cerca de 1,6 metros de comprimento e atinge 2,8 metros de envergadura.